Observation is the active acquisition of information from a primary source.



What is Scientific Method?

The scientific method is the process of turning a guess (regarding an observation)… into a tested theory about this physical world.


  1. Form a question about an observation.
  2. Form an educated guess which may answer that question.
  3. Form a prediction of a result of that guess being observed (before testing).
  4. Test that prediction through a simulation/experiment or observational/field study.
  5. Analyze the data from the test, and either revise the guess or form a new one and repeat the process.


Final Step – record findings, and share:

  • Write a descriptive method of observation and the results or conclusions reached.
  • Have peers with experience researching the same phenomenon evaluate the result.
  • Share the information gathered for others to build upon.

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